Heinz Fischer was the President of Austria in 2004 - 2016. Fischer previously served as Minister of Science from 1983 to 1987 and as President of the National Council of Austria from 1990 to 2002. A member of the Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPÖ). Apart from being a politician, President Fischer also pursued academic career and became a professor of Political Science at the University of Innsbruck in 1994. He studied law at the University of Vienna, earning a doctorate in 1961.