“The kind of AI [Artificial Intelligence] that we see in Terminator is nowhere near possible at present. We are very far from achieving any form of Artificial General Intelligence”, says Trisha Ray in this week’s #Forum2000online Chat. Ms. Ray, a Deputy Director of the Centre for Security, Strategy and Technology at the Observer Research Foundation (ORF), India, joined Arzu Geybulla, a journalist and member of the Forum 2000 Program Council and the ICDR, to talk about technology, privacy, power and how to manage risks.
According to Trisha Ray, you will learn that:
- We are very far from achieving any form of Artificial General Intelligence (AGI).
- Power in the world we live in stems from control, from the ability to keep secrets; National Security is based on governments knowing more than ordinary citizens.
- There is always an element of asymmetry in the way we operate. The powerful get to protect the secrets but our private spaces and thoughts have become a kind of open ground for governments and companies to intrude.
- A more decentralized Web could change some of these dynamics and asymmetries.
- Any technology is in many ways a mirror of those who created it. It is hard to disconnect technology from its creators, from their values and biases. Whether or not we intend for our beliefs to be encoded in what we are building, it is a part of who we are, algorithms included. “We have seen that in this famous example of the Amazon hiring algorithm, which it is not like the people who coded it intended for it to discriminate against certain people, but Amazon’s history of hiring favoured men over women, so, the algorithm learned to exclude resumes with any indication of the person being a woman”.
- Right now, in the AI governance there is a debate going on between whether it is better to adopt a risk-based approach or a rights-based approach. Risk-based approach is more contextual (how is the technology being used, in what context) and rights-based approach is user-centered and principles are applied evenly across all use cases.
The interview was recorded in Prague on September 1, 2022, at the 26th Forum 2000 Conference.