Political activist and chess grandmaster. Having become the youngest World Chess Champion in 1985, he is currently the highest rated player ever in the history of chess. In 1990, he was involved in the creation of the Democratic Party of Russia and in 2004 was elected Co-Chairman of the All-Russia Civil Congress. In 2005, he formed the United Civil Front movement and became a member of The Other Russia, a coalition opposing the administration of Vladimir Putin. He was a candidate in the Russian presidential elections of 2008, but later withdrew.